The return to school classes can be extremely distressing for many acne suffering students. Affecting nearly 90% of teenagers, acne affects over 100 million people of all ages around the world. While some people are genetically predisposed to acne, others have acne outbreaks due to the environment, nutrition, stress or hormonal changes.
WHAT IS ACNE?
Acne is a skin condition that affects the hair follicle which is characterized by:
- An excessive secretion of sebum in the follicle
- A follicle obstruction
- The bacterial proliferation inside the follicle causing inflammation
Visible symptoms of acne are particularly apparent in the form of open or closed comedones (blackheads or whiteheads), papules, pustules, cysts and nodules. These symptoms develop on areas of the body richest in sebaceous glands such as the face, back and chest.
WHAT CAUSES ACNE?
- pH and sebum. Healthy skin should have a pH acid of about 5.5. When the pH of the skin becomes more alkaline, the skin will feel attacked and therefore manufacture more sebum to acidify the skin and compensate for alkalinity. Soap bars and water (pH 7) are alkaline and tend to destabilize the pH of the skin’s physiology.
- Sebum and dead cells. An imbalance of the skin’s pH triggers an overactive sebaceous gland that manufacture extra sebum. This sebum will oxidize and solidify giving birth to a comedo (blackhead or whitehead) which will then “block” the follicle. This “blockage” will prevent the natural elimination of dead cells that will in turn accumulate in the follicle.
- Bacteria. Lacking oxygen, a clogged follicle becomes a highly favorable environment for the multiplication of bacteria feeding on sebum and rejecting waste irritants causing inflammation.
- Inflammation. The first visible signs of acne begin with a papule, an external red button that can be painful. White blood cells immediately come to the defense to destroy bacteria. This is when the red button becomes a pustule (pimples with pus). The white substance in the pustule (pus) is a mixture composed of plasma substance and cellular debris released by the body. Sometimes the inflammation may be deep causing the appearance of nodules which, upon rupturing, can cause scarring.
THE NECESSARY STEPS FOR BETTER SKIN CARE
1. NEUTRALIZE BAD BACTERIA, KEEP THE GOOD
- Clean your skin morning and night with the Soft Net Cleansing Cream. This bacteriostatic cleanser rich in prebiotic is ideal to rebalance the cutaneous microbial flora without destabilizing the pH of the skin. Used morning and evening for one month, it reduces 75% of open comedones (blackheads).
- Use the Hygia Multi-Use Oil over the entire face or locally on the papules or pustules. This blend of antiseptic essential oils and bacteriostatics help neutralize the bacteria involved in the inflammatory symptoms of acne.
2. REBALANCE THE OPTIMAL pH OF THE SKIN
- After a shower or after having have rinsed the face with water, re-balance the pH of the skin back to 5.5 by spraying the Sensitive Skin Toner evenly over the face, neck and other needed areas. An indispensable daily routine for oily, acne or reactive skin.
3. ELIMINATE DEAD CELLS AND REFINE THE SOFT SKIN’S TEXTURE
- In the spa: Choose the Keratolyse Vegetal Peeling to cleanse the skin of impurities and dead cells that have accumulated deep in the skin.
- At home: Use the 3 Minute Gommage twice a week. A practical care solution, fast and effective that promises to reduce surface imperfections.
4. CONTROL PRODUCTION SEBUM
- Apply daily the Oily Skin Gel-Cream evenly over entire face morning and night. Containing Zinc-PCA, this treatment controls the sebaceous gland to regulate sebum production and obtain a mattified complexion. Non-drying, it offers optimal moisture that lasts all day.
Designed to specifically dissolve blackheads and reduce sheen of oily areas (e.g., T-zone) use the Purifying Extract. An ideal treatment that will also prevent enlarge pores.
5. DETOXIFY THE SKIN – CLARIFY THE FACE
- Exclusively in the spa: The Purifying Bul’Mask is an oxygenating treatment that will optimize all the benefits of the Nelly De Vuyst® care treatments to promote the elimination of impurities and toxins. Guarantees a brighter complex.
- Exclusively in the spa: To obtain anti-seborrheic benefits from seaweed rich in Laminaria and Fucus, opt for the Seaweed Mask.
- At home and in the spa: Exhibit a fresh and radiant complexion with the Purifying Mask. Rich in algae and antiseptic essential oils, this treatment is ideal for detoxifying the skin and mattifying the complexion instantly.
TIPS AND TRICKS
- EXPRESS SOLUTION. To remove an acne button that makes a sudden appearance, locally use the Hygia Multi-Use Oil and the Purifying Mask as a night treatment.
- To prevent and treat acne scars, use locally the Radiance Cream in the morning and the evening.
ACNE PREVENTION: EXPERT ADVICE
In addition to daily care program, skin care experts advise on daily actions to prevent the appearance of acne symptoms.
- Clean hands regularly
- Cleanse face morning and night
- Immediately cleans face after doing sports
- Avoid touching your face
- Clean your phone with an antibacterial product
- Check the quality of cosmetic products – some are comedogenic
- Avoid red D and C dyes incorporated in makeup – some are comedogenic
- Do not use cosmetics that are opened for more than a year
- Do not use cosmetics containing alcohol
- Change your pillowcase daily (or place a new clean towel daily)
- In case of acne caused by stress, yoga, massages and relaxation techniques are recommended
- Drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day
- Limit dairy consumption
- Emphasize eating alkalizing foods such as fruits and vegetables
- Limit consumption of yeast foods (cheese, beer, etc.)
- Avoid consumption of alcohol, sugar and seafood
- Take vitamin B and zinc supplements in cases of acne caused by hormonal imbalance (stress, age, etc.)
- Eat foods or supplements rich in essential fatty acids (omega 3 and omega 6)